Tutorial: Illustrator CC Basics – Type Tool

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POINT AND AREA TYPE

In this tutorial I will be teaching you how to use the Type tool in Illustrator.

There are two basic types of Type that you can create in Illustrator: Point Type and Area Type.

With Point Type you simply select the Type tool, click anywhere on the Artboard and start typing. Point Type allows you to type as much as you want without being bound by a text-area. There is no natural line break in this type of type.

Area Type is bound within a text box. To type Area Type you select the Type tool, draw out a text-area box and begin typing. Area Type is constrained to a text-area box so the type will only go from edge to edge and it will have line breaks. You can also resize the text-area box.

You can also convert your type in Illustrator. If you wanted to change this Point Type to Area Type you would got to the Type menu and then choose Convert to Area Type. If you wanted to change this Area Type to Point Type you would got to the Type menu and then choose Convert to Point Type.

BASIC EDITS

Now that we know how to create Point Type and Area Type let’s learn how to make basic edits to the type.

We will just perform some basic edits on this type using the Control Panel. If you have used a word processing program before this will be familiar.

When you select the Lorem Ipsum text you will notice that it says Type in the Control Panel. We can change the type color with the drop-down color picker. Let’s just change the color to red. You can also add a stroke to the type by using the drop-down color picker. Let’s add a yellow stroke and change the point size to 0.5. Now let’s move over to the Character options. We can choose a different font – let’s use Times New Roman and change the font size to 21.

TYPE AND PARAGRAPH PANELS

Now that we know how to make basic edits to type let’s learn about the Type and Paragraph Panels.

Choose the paragraph and open the Character Panel. Click on the drop-down menu in the upper-right corner and choose Show Option so open all of the options available in this panel. In the Character Panel you can change the typeface and style. You can also change the font size, kerning, leading, and tracking. You can also change the vertical scale, baseline shift, horizontal scale, and character rotation. At the bottom of the panel you have controls for all caps, small caps, superscript, subscript, underline, and strikethrough.

The Paragraph Panel is where you can control the text alignment, indents, space before and after the paragraph, and hyphenation.

FLOWING TEXT AROUND OBJECTS

Now that we know how to use the Type and Paragraph Panels let’s learn how to flow text around objects.

There are times in your design work that you may need to wrap text around an object. We can do this in Illustrator using a text wrap.

In order to wrap the paragraph around the circle you need to first select the circle since this is the object around which the paragraph will wrap. Then go to Object > Text Wrap > Make. In order to change the amount of offset for the text go to Object > Text Wrap > Text Wrap Options. Click Preview and then change the amount of the offset.

TYPE ON A PATH

Now that we know how to flow text around an object let’s learn how to type on a path.

There are times in your design work that you may need to type text on a path. We can do this in Illustrator using the Type tool.

In order to type on a path you first need to click on the Type tool and hold it down until you see a fly-out menu then click on the Type on a Path tool. Then, click on the path and type out your text. Now we can edit the text by using the standard tools available. Highlight the text and change the font to Times New Roman and change the size to 48.

Using your Selection tool you will notice that there are three bars on the path. Using the Selection Tool you can click on the bar at the beginning of the text and then move the bar to slide the text along the path.

The bar at the end of the text indicates where the end point of the text is located. So, if you move this bar to the left you will notice that it clips off the text and then if you move it back to the right the entire text is shown.

The bar in the middle indicates which side of the path the text will align to. Using the Selection Tool, you can move the middle bar down and the text will be on the bottom of the path. If you move the middle bar back up then the text will be back on the top of the path.

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